“Perspectives on the Ramesside Military System”
Please note the new date: 2./3. July 2021
Egyptian military activity was very significant during the Ramesside Period of Egypt (Dynasties XIX–XX, 1310–1100 BC) and was an important part of the historical development during the New Kingdom of Egypt as well as in the contemporary Late Bronze Age of the Ancient Near East. This Ramesside military activity continues to play a significant role in historical reconstruction by Egyptologists and Near Eastern historians.
Recent archaeological discoveries provide Egyptologists and historians with valuable information about many new aspects of Egyptian warfare during the Ramesside period, all of which have enabled us to revise previously-held theories concerning Ramesside military systems. For example, the excavations of the Egyptian New Kingdom fortress in Jaffa (Tel Yafo), on the southern side of Tel Aviv, by the Jaffa Cultural Heritage Project from 2011 to 2014, provide new information about the architecture of the Ramesside imperialism throughout its fortifications in Canaan. Also, the recent archaeological work of the Egyptian and French missions on the Ways of Horus at northern Sinai since the 1980s, especially at the site of Tell Heboua (Tjaru), the main Egyptian fortress at this ancient military road between Egypt and Canaan, provide more information about the Ramesside fortifications on the Ways of Horus, and the Egyptian military stations on the way to Canaan. Moreover, the excavations at the site of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham carried out in 1997 reveal that the construction of the Ramesside chain of forts on the Maryut Coast was launched by Ramesses II very early in his reign. In addition, Egyptologists who specialize in the study of the Ramesside military history succeeded in presenting remarkable studies discussing many new aspects of the Ramesside military system. The current research of these scholars will provide new perspectives as well.
This international conference on Ramesside military system aims to shed light on these new archaeological and historical perspectives concerning the entire military outlook of Egypt at this time. The conference will also make a broad assessment of the current state of knowledge about the Ramesside military system and discuss how the new knowledge relates to previously held theories, and provide a forum for discussion. The presentations by leading experts will cover fortifications, military ideology, battles and conquests, the organization of the Egyptian army, war tactics, armory, and weaponry. Furthermore, one of the most recent archaeological discoveries concerning the Ramesside military system will be presented during the conference, the Memphite tomb of the General Ierkhy, from the reign of Ramesses II, which was discovered in May 2018. It will be discussed in detail at the conference. Indeed, all aspects of warfare and the military of Ramesside Egypt will be covered.
The conference is supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation (Cologne, Germany) and will be hosted by the Egyptian Museum in Munich, the Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst, which co-organizes the conference and devotes one room of its permanent exhibition to the subject “Pharaoh”. Many of the objects displayed there are highly relevant for the research of the conference. The second day of the conference will take place in the Institute for Egyptology and Coptology at Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich.
July 2nd 2021
09:00 Welcome (including address by John Baines)
09:15 James K. Hoffmeier: Tell el-Borg and the Ways of Horus in the Ramesside Era.
10:00 Mohamed Abd el-Maksoud: The Ramesside Fortress at Tell Heboua II: Khetem of Tharou.
10:45 coffee break
11:15 Ola El-Aguizy: The Fortress of Tjaru in General Ierkhy’s Tomb.
12:00 Aaron A. Burke: Ramesside Iapu: Excavations of the New Kingdom Fortress in Jaffa, 1956–2014.
12:45 lunch break
14:15 Steven Snape: Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham and the Ramesside Defence System on the Maryut Coast.
15:00 Slawomir Rzepka and Jozef Hudec: Ramesside fortresses in Tell el-Retaba
15:45 coffee break
16:15 Peter J. Brand: The Ideological Aspects of Ramesside Military Texts and Reliefs.
17:00 Anthony J. Spalinger: Leadership under Fire: Ramesses II and the Pressures of Warfare.
18:00 visit of the galleries of the Egyptian Museum (for the speakers only)
19:00 speakers’ reception
July 3rd 2021
09:00 Mohamed Raafat Abbas: The Libyan War of Ramesses II.
09:45 Jana Mynářová: The Ramessides, between Military Adventures and Diplomacy.
10:30 coffee break
11:00 Heidi Köpp-Junk: The Egyptian Chariot in the Ramesside Period.
11:45 André J. Veldmeijer: The Tano Chariot: An early(?) Ramesside Chariot?
12:30 lunch break
14:00 Renaud Pietri: Military Logistics during the Ramesside Period.
14:45 Sylvia Schoske: Swing low, sweet chariot
15:30 coffee break
16:00 Uroš Matić: Organs without bodies: Hand and phalli cutting as part of Ramesside military accounting system.
16:45 Alberto M. Pollastrini: The Body Armour of Ramesses II.
17:30 coffee break
18:00 final discussion
List of the speakers
- Dr. Mohamed Raafat Abbas, Ministry of Antiquities, Egypt
- Dr. Mohamed Abd el-Maksoud, Ministry of Antiquities, Egypt
- Prof. Dr. Peter J. Brand, University of Memphis, USA
- Prof. Dr. Aaron A. Burke, University of California, Los Angeles | UCLA, USA
- Prof. Dr. Ola El-Aguizy, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Egypt
- Prof. Dr. James K. Hoffmeier, Trinity International University, USA
- Dr. Jozef Hudec, Oriental Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
- Dr. Heidi Köpp-Junk, University of Trier, Germany
- Dr. Uroš Matić, Austrian Archaeological Institute, Austria
- Dr. Jana Mynářová, Czech Institute of Egyptology, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
- Dr. Renaud Pietri, École du Louvre, Paris, France
- Alberto M. Pollastrini, École Pratique des Hautes Études (Paris), France
- Prof. Dr. Slawomir Rzepka, Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw, Poland
- Dr. Sylvia Schoske, Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst München, Germany
- Dr. Steven Snape, University of Liverpool, UK
- Prof. Dr. Anthony J. Spalinger, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
- Dr. André J. Veldmeijer, American University in Cairo/PalArch Foundation, The Netherlands
Venue: Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst, Auditorium (Gabelsbergerstraße 35, 80333 München)
Organisers: Prof. Dr. Friedhelm Hoffmann, Dr. Mohamed Raafat Abbas
Please register at: firstname.lastname@example.org